Articles by

Carolyn Gramling

Ink analysis reveals Marie Antoinette’s letters’ hidden words and who censored them

In a world torn apart by the French Revolution, doomed Queen Marie Antoinette exchanged secret letters with...

2020 babies may suffer up to seven times as many extreme heat waves as 1960s kids

The kids are not all right. Children born in 2020 could live through seven times as many...

Australian fires in 2019–2020 had even more global reach than previously thought

The severe, devastating wildfires that raged across southeastern Australia in late 2019 and early 2020 packed a...

This pictogram is one of the oldest known accounts of earthquakes in the Americas

A 50-page codex of colorful, complex pictograms that dates to the early 16th century includes the most...

Climate change made Europe’s flash floods in July more likely

Climate change has increased the likelihood of heavy downpours in Western Europe such as the July rains...

Haiti’s citizen seismologists helped track its devastating quake in real time

On August 14, a powerful magnitude 7.2 earthquake struck Haiti, triggering landslides, toppling buildings and killing at...

The new UN climate change report shows there’s no time for denial or delay

The science is unequivocal: Humans are dramatically overhauling Earth’s climate. The effects of climate change are now...

A lunar magnetic field may have lasted for only a short time

A lunar magnetic field may not have just been short-lived; it may have persisted for only a...